Alan Turing was a British mathematician, computer scientist, and codebreaker who made significant contributions to the fields of mathematics and computer science. Turing is best known for his work on the Enigma machine, which helped the Allies win World War II. He also developed the Turing machine, a theoretical device that can perform any computable function.

Alan Turing was born in 1912 in London, England. He attended Sherborne School, where he developed an interest in mathematics and science. Turing went on to study mathematics at King’s College, Cambridge.

During World War II, Turing worked for the British government as a codebreaker. He helped to crack the German Enigma code, which was used by the Nazis to send secret messages. Turing’s work was vital to the Allied victory in the war.

After the war, Turing continued his work in computer science. He developed the Turing machine, a theoretical device that can perform any computable function. Turing also made significant contributions to the field of artificial intelligence.

Turing was posthumously pardoned by the British government in 2013. In 2018, a film about his life, “The Imitation Game,” was released.