Benoit Mandelbrot was a Polish-French mathematician and economist who made significant contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics, statistics, and finance. Mandelbrot is best known for his work on fractals, which are mathematical objects that have a fractional dimension.

Mandelbrot was born in 1924 in Warsaw, Poland. He attended the University of Paris, where he studied mathematics and physics. Mandelbrot graduated from the university in 1947 with a Ph.D. in mathematics.

Mandelbrot made significant contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics, statistics, and finance. In 1975, he published his groundbreaking book “The Fractal Geometry of Nature,” which introduced the concept of fractals. Mandelbrot also made important contributions to the field of probability theory.

Mandelbrot died in 2010 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. In 2012, he was posthumously awarded the Abel Prize.