Pierre-Simon Laplace was a French mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics, astronomy, and statistics. Laplace is best known for his work on the theory of probability, which he developed in his 1812 book “Theorie Analytique des Probabilites.”

Laplace was born in 1749 in Beaumont-en-Auge, France. He attended the University of Caen, where he studied mathematics. Laplace graduated from the university in 1768 with a Bachelor’s degree in mathematics.

Laplace made significant contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics, astronomy, and statistics. In 1799, he published his work on the stability of the Solar System, which showed that the Solar System is stable. Laplace also made important contributions to the field of optics.

Laplace died in 1827 in Paris, France. In 1829, he was posthumously awarded the Copley Medal.